17 April، 2024

News from Emirates

A new medical phenomenon: KPJ Hospitals Malaysia re-diagnoses digestive system & small intestine disorders

Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) – The human Gastrointestinal system is a tapestry of complexity, responsible for digesting and absorbing nutrients vital for our well-being. Within this intricate network lies the small bowel, a vital segment playing a pivotal role in nutrient absorption. However, deciphering and diagnosing disorders within this region has posed an arduous challenge due to its extensive length and intricacies. Enter the transformative power of medical technology – Capsule Endoscopy – a breakthrough that has redefined the diagnosis and management of small bowel disorders.
Dr. Jaideep Singh Atwar Sing (He is a valued member of a team of highly experienced medical professionals specialising in Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology, and Hepatology at KPJ Damansara Specialist 2 (DSH2), said:”Stretching approximately 6 meters (18 to 20 feet), the small intestine is a multifaceted structure encompassing the Duodenum, Jejunum, and Ileum. Its expansive surface, decked with Villi, serves as the stage for nutrient absorption. This is where essential vitamins, minerals, and water are assimilated, supporting overall health”.
“The small bowel can fall victim to a range of disorders, leading to an array of distressing symptoms. Issues such as bleeding attributed to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication usage, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), ulcers, infections, Crohn’s disease, Celiac disease, benign polyps, and even cancers can arise. These disorders can trigger symptoms including abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhoea, constipation, nausea, vomiting, unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, and gastrointestinal bleeding. The resultant nutrient malabsorption can even culminate in anaemia and vitamin deficiencies, particularly Vitamin B12”, He addes.
Dr. Singh explained:” The challenge amplifies when we encounter obscure gastrointestinal (GIT) bleeding, a condition emanating from the small bowel. Its size renders conventional endoscopy procedures ineffective in visualising this intricate region. Thus, alternative methods are imperative to unravel the root cause of the bleeding and to deliver suitable treatment”.
“In 1999, Gastroenterology witnessed a seismic shift with the advent of Capsule Endoscopy in the United States. This ingenious method involves a tiny camera encapsulated within a pill-like capsule. Upon swallowing, the capsule embarks on a journey through the digestive system, ceaselessly capturing images of the small bowel. These images are wirelessly transmitted to a recorder secured to the patient’s abdomen. Once the process concludes, the capsule is naturally excreted”, He said more details.

Dr. Singh Confirmed: “The evolution of technology has further elevated Capsule endoscopy through the integration of robotics and artificial intelligence. Robotic Capsule endoscopy allows for automated control of the capsule camera using sophisticated software and a magnetic device. This advancement improves visualisation and enhances the diagnostic yield of small bowel examinations, leading to more precise and timely diagnoses”.
“Empowered by high-definition imaging and cutting-edge software, Capsule endoscopy has emerged as an invaluable tool in identifying and detecting abnormal lesions in the small bowel. This translates into early detection of abnormalities, which assist medical specialists to promptly provide essential treatments, thereby enhancing patient outcomes”.
He confirmed again:”According to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE), patients are required to fast for approximately twelve hours before the Capsule Endoscopy procedure and discuss medication allergies and conditions for the best and safest outcomes. Post-procedure, patients are advised against vigorous physical activities until further advised by their doctor.
“With the introduction of Capsule endoscopy and subsequent advancements in robotics, artificial intelligence, and high-definition imaging, the medical community can now better visualise and manage small bowel disorders. By combining these innovative technologies, Gastroenterologists can offer more accurate diagnoses and treatments, ultimately improving patient care and well-being”. He said.